Tag: Jesus

The Life of Jesus – Revision Resource

The Life of Jesus – Revision Resource

This is a great website that talks you through all the things you need to know about Jesus.

In the National 5 and Higher Exam – you will need to know Who Jesus was, Beliefs about him, his teachings, what impact he had as well as basic information about his life.

You may be asked to reflect on who he was in relation to God. Also you should be able to describe a few parables in detail.

http://request.org.uk/jesus/introduction-to-jesus/

This Website  – REQuest is really easy to use and helpful at guiding you through Jesus’ life.

Why not use it to answer some of these questions.

  1. Create a timeline of key events in Jesus’ life.
  2. What is the significance of the Incarnation (Birth of Jesus) to Christians (4)
  3. What are Christian Beliefs about Jesus? (4)
  4. Explain what is meant by the Holy Trinity. (4)
  5. Jesus is often referred to as the Messiah – What does this mean? (4)
  6. Jesus taught people how to live by using parables.
    1. Summarise 2 parables and their meanings.
    2. Explain how Jesus used Parables to teach people how to live their lives (4)
  7. Summarise the Easter Story. (4)
  8. How do Christians celebrate this? (4)

The website also has lots of other information for revision. I will pinpoint some other parts.

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Christianity – Nature of God

Christianity – Nature of God

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Christians would agree with the descriptions of God detailed above.

Christians are monotheists. This means that they believe there is only one God. It is very difficult to describe God, because everyday language is always about ordinary things but God is not ordinary.

God is ‘holy’, meaning special, separate and different.

It is important to remember that the God of the Jews found in the Jewish Scriptures (eg, the Torah) and the God of the Christian Old Testament is one God.

The Trinity

Many Christians believe in the Holy Trinity. This doctrine is unique to Christianity. They believe that God can take many forms.

The Trinity is a way of describing the three ways of being God – God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. It describes the relationship between these three ‘persons’ which are all part of the one God.

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Statements about the Trinity are found in the Nicene Creed (the Christian statement of faith):

We believe in one God, the Father, the almighty, maker of heaven and earth…

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, true God from true God, begotten not made, of one Being with the Father…

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets.

Mary and Jesus

When God is described as ‘God the Son’, this refers to the Christian belief that God chose to come to earth as a human being.

He was born of Mary and was called Jesus. This belief is called the Incarnation.

Jesus

Jesus came to teach people God’s will for them, and to show them what life would be like in the Kingdom of God. For Christians, the Kingdom of God (Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew’s Gospel) is both an inner change of heart and a symbol of peace on earth.

Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah (Christ) for Christians, is important. He not only taught people about God, he showed them what God is like. Jesus was put to death on the cross. This was the crucifixion.

The cross is an important symbol for Christians. Christianity says that because Jesus (who was God) chose to die because he loved humanity and wanted to save them, all people were forgiven their sins and so had a chance to go to heaven.

Christianity teaches that death was not the end for Jesus. They believe that he rose from the dead on the third day, after being placed in the tomb. This is the resurrection. Christians believe that Jesus was not just a man in the past, but is a living saviour, relevant to their lives today.

How does this impact on Christians lives?

Christians feel that by believing in God they feel closer to him and he can provide a source of comfort in difficult times. Christians are united in their beliefs about God and the aim to create a “Kingdom of God” so Christians would be more loving towards each other. For example they may donate to charity, help those in need etc.

Christians know that God knows everything as he is Omniscient, this means they would try to please him by doing good actions. If they do sin they would need to ask God for forgiveness. By believing in God and an afterlife in heaven this will bring comfort to many.

 

 

Christianity – Living According to the Gospels

Christianity – Living According to the Gospels

In the National 5 or Higher Exam you could be asked about Living according to the gospels. You may be asked to describe what this means, explain why the gospels are important, the challenges or benefits of living according to the gospels amongst other things. So it is important to know what the Gospels are and be able to explain and evaluate their importance.

What are the Gospels?

The word gospel literally translates to meaning “Good News”. In the Bible this refers to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John in the New Testament. This is the section of the Bible where you would read about the life and teachings of Jesus.

What do they say?

The Gospels are stories and teachings of Jesus. His central theme was to teach about the Kingdom of God and how to obey God’s Law

God’s Law – Love One Another

Luke 10

25 A teacher of the Law came up and tried to trap Jesus. ‘Teacher,’ he asked, ‘what must I do to receive eternal life?’

26 Jesus answered him, ‘What do the Scriptures say? How do you interpret them?’

27 The man answered: ‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind’; and ‘Love your neighbour as you love yourself.’

28 ‘You are right,’ Jesus replied; ‘do this and you will live.’

29 But the teacher of the Law wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, ‘Who is my neighbour?’

30 Jesus answered, ‘There was once a man going down from Jerusalem to Jericho when robbers attacked him, stripped him, and beat him up, leaving him half dead. 31 It so happened that a priest was going down that road; but when he saw the man, he walked on by, on the other side. 32 In the same way a Levite also came along, went over and looked at the man, and then walked on by, on the other side. 33 But a Samaritan who was travelling that way came upon the man, and when he saw him, his heart was filled with pity. 34 He went over to him, poured oil and wine on his wounds and bandaged them; then he put the man on his own animal and took him to an inn, where he took care of him.35 The next day he took out two silver coins and gave them to the innkeeper. ‘Take care of him’ he told the innkeeper, ‘and when I come back this way, I will pay you whatever else you spend on him.’

36 And Jesus concluded, ‘In your opinion, which one of these three acted like a neighbour towards the man attacked by the robbers?’

37 The teacher of the Law answered,  ‘The one who was kind to him.’ Jesus replied, ‘You go then and do the same.’

Source: Luke 10: 25–37

In both the Old and New Testament, love, along with ideas of kindness, grace, mercy, forgiveness and fidelity, shows God’s commitment to his people. God demands love not just for him but also for other people. It was God’s love for the world, that led him to send Jesus into the world. This love requires a dramatic human response. Human love should reflect the divine love.

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The love God demands from humanity is a love that brings everyone together. All human divisions (racial, social, sexual and personal) are overcome by this love. The deeds of love for God and neighbour are the aims of the Christian. Because of this Aquinas called love ‘the root and form of all virtues’. Augustine even said ‘love and do what you will’. He meant that if you make all your ethical decisions from the basis of Christian love you will not go far wrong.

How does Jesus show love?

Jesus expresses love for God and others in a number of ways throughout his ministry. He eats with tax collectors and sinners and touches social outcasts who, because of sin or uncleanness, everyone else avoids. Despite the harsh criticisms that these actions cause, Jesus never stops showing his open love for everyone. The gospels tell us that his final sacrifice, death, was also an act of love for others: ‘The greatest love a person can have for his friends is to give his life for them’ (John 15: 13). Everyone must take up their cross and show love to neighbours, no matter what the cost to the self.

Jesus shows Christians how to live through telling parables or stories that people can apply to their own life.

The Kingdom of God

“Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, ‘The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.’” Mark 1: 14-15

Christians believe that it is their duty to create a “Kingdom of God” – This means a land where God would be happy to live. A Land full of love, peace and harmony. Jesus taught this love will start small but it has to grow and start somewhere.

How to Live According to the Gospels.

Love Thy Neighbour

The Righteous will then answer him, ‘When, Lord, did we ever see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you a drink? When did we ever see you a stranger and welcome you in our homes, or naked and clothe you? When did we ever see you sick or in prison, and visit you? The King will reply, ‘I tell you, whenever you did this for one of the least important of these brothers of mine, you did it for me!’

(Matthew 25: 37–40)

It is easy to love the neighbour that is near, that you know personally and like. It is harder to love someone that you have never met, many miles away, or someone that you do not like. Actions could include

  • Helping someone in need
  • Donating to charity
  • Pray for someone.
  • Volunteer with a charity.

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Why are the Gospels so important?

The Gospels are so important as they are inspired by God and therefore a trustworthy source. They reveal the true nature of God and Jesus and contain his teachings. The Gospels reveal the Kingdom of God.

Christians feel that as they are a biographical account of Jesus by reading them they become closer to God and Jesus.

For Christians, the Gospels (and the Bible as a whole) are a source of guidance. They may use this to help them make decisions or understand what they should believe about the world. By studying the Bible Christians can enhance their own faith and get guidance on how to worship.