Below is a model answer for a National 5 8 Marker Evaluation Question.
Read more about how to answer these here.
Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks)
Some people would argue that it is reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe. A theist would say that god created the universe and would use the Cosmological arguments to support this. The cosmological argument is based on the idea that everything that exists must have a cause, the universe exists and theist would say that its cause is God. This links with the Big Bang Theory, which Scientists would agree was the beginning of the Universe. For many because the Big Bang was the start of time, space and matter it doesn’t need a cause. However theists would say that this cause is God.
An atheist would disagree saying that God does not exist. They would agree that the Big Bang Theory was the start of the universe and everything within it. However they would argue that the Cosmological Argument does not prove that God Exists just that there is no explanation yet as to how the Big Bang began and for many this is irrelevant as the Big Bang was the beginning of everything.
Therefore it can be reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the Universe but it would require Faith and belief in god in addition to the scientific evidence and reason.