Introduction to Islam

Introduction to Islam

Islam is the fastest growing religion today. One in five people in the world are Muslim. That’s over a billion people!

This post is all about an Introduction to Islam. I recommend starting with this video!

Muslims are found throughout the world. Contrary to common belief, most Muslims are not Arab. In fact, only 20% are from Arab countries. The largest communities are in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.

There are many misconceptions about Islam and stereotypes surrounding the religion. It is as important as ever to study Islam in the modern day especially with recent current affairs.

The 7 Core Beliefs

There are seven core beliefs that all Muslims believe in. These are:

  1. Belief in Allah as the one and only God
  2. Belief in angels
  3. Belief in the Revealed Book of God
  4. Belief in Allah’s prophets
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgement
  6. Belief in Allah having a record of our actions
  7. Belief in an afterlife

There will be a series of posts all about Islam as the class works through their National Coursework.

Recommended Further Reading

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/

What do I need to do in my RMPS Assignment?

What do I need to do in my RMPS Assignment?

RMPS Assignment.pngThe write-ups for RMPS N5 and Higher Assignments are coming up. So below is a guide to help you complete your assignment and achieve a great result.

Use the guides, the booklet and this rmps-assignment-planner to help you

National 5

The Task

 

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate your ability to apply your skills and knowledge and understanding to research a religious, moral or philosophical issue of your choice. This may be related to areas you have studied in class if you wish, but you are free to research any relevant topic or issue. For help with topics see here. 

The assignment is worth 20 marks. The marks contribute 25% of the overall marks for the Course assessment. The Course will be graded A–D. This means that it can have a massive impact on your final grade.

The assessment for the assignment will be in the form of a report of your research and findings. You must complete this report within one hour.

The Resource Sheet

You will have the RMPS Resource Sheet which you can refer to as you produce a report of your findings. This will help you produce your report of your assignment. You must use only one side of this single sheet and be no more than 200 words.

The Resource Sheet will not be marked; you will only be awarded marks for what you include in your report. You must not use it to pre-write your report, however it is fine to copy quotations in full. No marks will be awarded for directly copying extended pieces of text/narrative from the Resource Sheet.

What are we marked on?

A. Identify an appropriate religious, moral or philosophical issue

How you can do this

Identify a religious, moral or philosophical issue. Your issue can be religious or moral or philosophical or any combination of these. Your issue should allow you to:

¨     find relevant factual information and relevant viewpoints

¨     comment on the significance or impact of the issue

¨     come to a conclusion which you can support with reasons

B. Comment on the significance or impact of the issue

How you can do this

Your comment should focus on the significance or impact of the religious, moral or philosophical issue you have been studying.

This means you need to show you understand the issue or topic you have chosen. You are showing the marker you know that the issue is important. Perhaps this would be referring to current debate, recent news articles, how important the issue is. Obviously this would depend completely on your chosen topic as to what would be appropriate to include.

C. Use information from different sources

How you can do this

You will need to:

¨     collect information which will help you come to a conclusion on the issue

¨     find out about facts and viewpoints

¨     take a note of where you found this information

Collecting information

You should collect evidence relevant to the issue, from a range of sources. This may include, for example:

¨     websites/blogs

¨     newspapers/magazines (print or electronic)

¨     books

¨     religious texts

¨     visits or fieldtrips

¨     television/video

¨     radio/podcasts

¨     textbooks

¨     interviews/questionnaires

¨     artefacts

¨     iconography

Taking a note of the sources you have used

When presenting evidence from sources, you should say where the information comes from.

It is useful to reference the sources you have used. You can quote directly or put it in your own words. For example:

1 Corinthians 13 states that….

Or

In The Blind Watchmaker Dawkins argues that….

Or

The Buddhist Wheel of Life shows….

Or

The BBC Religion and Ethics website states that…. (full URL for websites are not required)

It is important to think about the reliability and appropriateness of the sources you use.

See here for some research ideas

D. Use knowledge and understanding to explain and analyse aspects of the issue

How you can do this

Use accurate knowledge to explain key aspects of the issue. Explaining and analysing the issue could require you to make links between factors or different aspects of the issue, and show that you have understood how these different factors affect each other, for example:

¨     People who believe in a literal interpretation of religious creation stories will reject scientific accounts of the origin of the universe. This may lead them to mistrust science in general, which in turn may affect…

¨     Religious people may agree with non-religious people that the issue of mankind’s responsibility for the environment is a moral issue, because they believe that…

E. Present a conclusion about the issue

F. Support the conclusion with reasons

How you can do this

Present a conclusion which is supported with valid reasons.

Your conclusion may be presented at any point in your writing, for example, as you present your evidence or at the end.

Concluding that you are unsure is fine, providing you can support your view with clear reasons.

Higher

This assignment is worth 30 marks out of a total of 90 marks for the Course. The marks contribute approximately 33% of the overall marks for the Course assessment. The Course will be graded A–D. This therefore can have a massive impact on your final grade! 

As with the N5 Assignment you need to choose an appropriate issue and topic. Complete research on it and analyse and evaluate the debate surrounding the topic. There are 3 things that you will be marked on.

 

 

A  Knowledge and Understanding (12 marks)

Researching the issue

You should use a range of sources of information, to which you should refer to in your assignment. (See above for examples of the different types of research you could complete)

Demonstrating knowledge and understanding of the issue

You should use your knowledge and understanding to support your response to the issue.

This is where you show off what you have learned about the topic.

B   Analysis (10 marks)

Analysing the issue

Analysis involved identifying parts, the relationship between them, and their relationships with the whole. It can also involve drawing out and relating implications.

Analyse

Synthesising information in a structured manner

You should draw together a range of information in response to the issue. Bring together your arguments and support draw links between your different pieces of information.

Explaining the significance or impact of the issue

You should explain the significance or impact of the issue. Explain why it is such an important topic or issue.

C   Evaluation (8 marks)

Evaluate

Evaluating different viewpoints on the issue

You should evaluate different viewpoints on the issue. Evaluation involves making reasoned judgements.

Presenting a detailed explanation of supporting information and potential challenges/counter-arguments

You should comment on arguments, challenges and/or counter-arguments in terms of, for example: validity, quality, strengths, weaknesses, consistency, etc.

Presenting a reasoned and well-structured conclusion on the issue

You should draw and present a reasoned conclusion on the issue. Your conclusion should include an overall judgement about the issue.

Use the support on this website and come on a Tuesday after school to get extra help!

GOOD LUCK!

 

Character Education – Inspiring Purpose – What is Character?

Character Education – Inspiring Purpose – What is Character?

I love this time of year!

Starting the Inspiring Purpose project with S2s. Formerly Inspire Aspire, this is a project that looks at developing pupils character, their inspirations and ambition. It is a project run all across the Commonwealth, if you haven’t heard of it you can read more about it here! 

I will document our progress throughout the process and share some of our entries. Firstly we started thinking about our own character and what is character?  This 8 Minute video is great for that!

Next the Pupils wrote about the type of person they aspire to be. I have created a Slideshow of some of their answers! They are utterly brilliant!

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We then took the ‘periodic table of characters strengths’ and decided on what ones are the most important. There was a great discussion in some classes about whether Honesty is the best policy and what is the difference between being a ‘snake’ and not being a bystander. We talked about this poem here.

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Over the next few weeks the pupils at Musselburgh Grammar School are going to be taking part in this project and forming their own action plan for the future!

National 5: Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks) Model Answer

National 5: Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks) Model Answer

Below is a model answer for a National 5 8 Marker Evaluation Question.

Read more about how to answer these here. 

Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks)

Some people would argue that it is reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe. A theist would say that god created the universe and would use the Cosmological arguments to support this. The cosmological argument is based on the idea that everything that exists must have a cause, the universe exists and theist would say that its cause is God. This links with the Big Bang Theory, which Scientists would agree was the beginning of the Universe. For many because the Big Bang was the start of time, space and matter it doesn’t need a cause. However theists would say that this cause is God. 

An atheist would disagree saying that God does not exist. They would agree that the Big Bang Theory was the start of the universe and everything within it. However they would argue that the Cosmological Argument does not prove that God Exists just that there is no explanation yet as to how the Big Bang began and for many this is irrelevant as the Big Bang was the beginning of everything. 

Therefore it can be reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the Universe but it would require Faith and belief in god in addition to the scientific evidence and reason. 

 

 

Is it Reasonable to Believe that God Created the Universe? Higher Model Answer

Is it Reasonable to Believe that God Created the Universe? Higher Model Answer

Is it reasonable to believe that God Created the Universe? (20 Marks)

Below is a model answer of the above question. I have added in some links to help with additional reading.

This is a question that has been widely debated for years and as scientific advances happen, fresh debates also happen. In order for something to be reasonable, it must have evidence to back up the claim. When looking at the Existence of God, many would look to evidence to support their argument. However Religious people, such as Christians would also say that belief in something also requires Faith. There are different types of truth, which depend on faith. (Read more about this here. )

Christians fundamental belief is that God must exist because the Universe exists and he is the Creator of everything. For them, God reveals himself in different ways. Sometimes this may be directly communicating with people – for example giving the Ten Commandments to Moses. Those who believe Jesus was an incarnation of God, also believe that this was God revealing himself to humanity. There are many different types of revalation that God has used to show himself  to humanity. Christians believe that this therefore is proof that God exists and created the Universe because there is evidence of him in the Bible, History and in the world around us.

Critics of this argument would say that because the word exists and there are instances of God revealing himself do not actually prove God exists or that he created the Universe. There are questions raised about the physical appearance of God so much in the times of the Old Testament but not anymore. Scientists would argue that the Bible cannot be used as a source of Scientific knowledge as it is full of inaccuracies and contradictions. It was written by humans about their understandings of God. Scientists would argue that therefore it is not a divine revelation, instead interpretations of a divine revelation. What one person experiences is not valid scientific evidence because it is a personal experience that cannot be verified. This is where the argument of the difference between faith and reason comes in. God is so powerful and mysterious that he is beyond human comprehension, therefore depending on your own faith and reason it could be reasonable to believe that God created the universe.

The Christian creation story of Genesis 1 can be used to support beliefs in God. This is the story that God created the world in 6 days and rested on the 7th. This can be interpreted in different ways. Creationist or Literal Christians believe that this is true in every way. They believe that the Bible is God’s word and so we must accept everything that is in it as the truth. Therefore for literal there is no debate when asked if God exists. God is Omnipotent and can do anything. Some Christians would say that this literal view is not compatible with some scientific evidence and therefore would see the creation story as being symbolic. They still believe that God created the world but not in the 7 24 hour time periods that are described in the Bible. By interpreting the source in this way Liberal Christians can look at scientific evidence and interpret the source with other developments that humans have found to be true. Therefore many would argue that the Genesis story can either prove or at least support the belief in a God as a creator.

The Cosmological Argument is an argument first put forward by Thomas Aquinas. The argument suggests that everything that exists must exist because it was caused by something else. Everything in the universe must have a cause. There must have been a first cause to cause everything. This cause must have been an uncaused cause to start everything off. The only thing that is eternal and powerful enough is God. Therefore God must be the first cause and God must exist. This gives a philosophical reason for the existence of God and gives reason to the argument that God exists. Christians use this argument to support their belief that God created the universe.

There are flaws with the Cosmological argument as an explanation for how the Universe began. For example, the premise of the argument that everything must have a cause does not include God. For many there is the argument that if God does not need a cause why does the universe? This argument also only links to the conclusion that there must be a uncaused cause, this doesn’t necessarily mean it is God. Scientists would use the Big Bang Theory to explain how the Universe began. The Big Bang was the start of the Universe: Matter, Space and Time. There was nothing before it. Quantum Physicists suggest that matter can appear and disappear spontaneously and does not require a cause. There are many different pieces of evidence that Scientists use to back up the theory of the Big Bang. For example theory proposed by Hubble and Einstein explain that there must be a limitation to the energy in the Universe this can be seen in the Red Shift, which shows the Universe is expanding. Although there is a lot of scientific evidence that supports the Big Bang there is no conclusive explanation for why it happened. For many Christians and other religious groups this cause has to be God, as to them it is the only logical explanation. Some Creationist Christians may argue against the Big Bang Theory and instead would only accept the word of the Bible, and the 7 day creation story.

The Teleological Argument is another argument used to support the argument about the existence of God. First proposed by William Paley, the argument suggests that the world is so perfect that it must have been designed. For example the Earth is the right distance away from the sun for life to survive. There are also examples within the complexities of nature, for many the only logical answer to how this could be would be the existence of a God. However there are critics of this argument such as Immanuel Kant, he argues that the structure and order on Earth is imagined. We want to see a perfect world so that is what we see. Hume also critiques this argument saying that the order of the world does not prove a god created it. It could be a group of gods or perhaps something other than God. An Argument is merely a theory and is not proof that something exists. This theory of a perfect world also does not fit in with the idea of evolution, which has been scientifically been proven by scientists such as Darwin. Many would however argue that Evolution was all part of God’s overall plan. As with most arguments about God, it is up to personal interpretation and faith. There is enough evidence to support either side of the argument and it could be proven either way. It is up to an individuals faith in God whether or not he exists and created the Universe.

To conclude, many would argue that it is indeed reasonable to believe that God created the Universe as belief in God requires an element of Faith along with reason. The idea of God can work with scientific theories such as that of The Big Bang Theory. For others the revelation of God through his creation and holy word is enough evidence. It does require an element of faith and that is down to personal interpretation.

 

What to Expect in the National 5 RMPS Exam.

What to Expect in the National 5 RMPS Exam.

The Exam

The National 5 Exam is made up of three parts.

World Religion

Explaining and commenting on the meaning and context of religious beliefs, practices and sources.

Morality and Belief

Presenting detailed and reasoned views about contemporary moral question

Religious and Philosophical Questions

Analysing religious and philosophical questions and responses.

It lasts 90 minutes, so roughly 30 minutes per section. Within each section there are different topics, you need to make sure you answer only the topic you have studied.

One Religion
One Moral Issue
One Philosophical Question

The Skills

Each section will have 3-4 questions, the whole section will be worth 20 marks.

There are two main skills you will need in your exam, alongside basic description questions.

Analysing

Analysis is a pivotal skill in National 5. The focus in analysis is on breaking down factual information. Analysis can follow knowledge and understanding and very often excellent knowledge and understanding is, in fact, analysis. Similarly, analysis often precedes evaluation. Analysis includes the following:

    •   making connections
    •   explaining the background
    •   predicting consequences
    •   identifying implications
    •  interpreting sources and viewpoints

      Analyse

Evaluating

There will be an 8 marker question in each section, this will be an Evaluation question.

For some time now, ‘evaluating’ has been misunderstood as simply listing two sides of an argument. The skill demands much more than this and expects candidates to discuss the quality of any positions taken. This involves:

    •   making a supported judgement on an issue
    •   making a supported measurement of the effects, impact or significance of an issue
    •   presenting a case for or against a position
    •   commenting on the quality of positions taken on issues

Evaluate

Read more about How to answer 8 Marker Questions here. 
Moral Debate of Punishment

Moral Debate of Punishment

Aims of Punishment

Punishment: something done to a person because they have broken a law

Protection: keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals

Retribution: an aim of punishment – to get your own back: ‘an eye for an eye’

Deterrence: an aim of punishment – to put people off committing crimes

Reform: an aim of punishment – to change someone’s behaviour for the better

Vindication: an aim or punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is right

Reparation: an aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society

This is a great website for revision on Purposes of Punishment.

Moral Debate of Punishment

Everyone has their own idea of why criminals should be punished. Some say it should be to protect the rest of society, some say to make an example of the criminal, some say it should be to help the criminal change their ways, some say its revenge.

When punishing someone there are moral debates raised about whether we should take into account the criminals personal circumstances, history, criminal record, family situation. Others say this is irrelevant all criminals should be treated the same.

People will look to religious teachings and texts for guidance on how they should respond to punishment, others may think from their own perspective, some may use a non-religious way of thinking such as Utilitarianism and Humanism.

There is a good summary of the arguments for and against Capital Punishment here.

Retribution

“An Eye for an Eye, A Tooth for a Tooth… A Life for a Life”

This quote is often used as religious justification of retribution, in the Bible, Qu’ran and Torah there is similar teachings, that criminals should get a punishment fitting of their crime. In the UK, retribution can be found in Community Service, Fines and outside the UK – Capital Punishment is a form of retribution.

Some argue that this is not a positive response to punishment and should not be the main aim of punishment.

Although others argue that it shows criminals that crimes will not be tolerated.

Forgiveness

Many believe that it is important to forgive, and they believe that punishment should be an opportunity for criminals to show remorse and forgiveness should be given. This is key in many religions such as Christianity. Jesus taught it was important to forgive.

This is how many people would approach punishment.

Essay Questions on Purposes Punishment

If you are asked about the Moral debate surrounding the purposes punishment in an exam you can approach this question in many ways. You can look at the different purposes of punishment, the arguments for and against each punishment and why people may debate on whether it is an appropriate aim. You could also look at religious and non- religious perspectives on punishment. Why do religious people hold views on punishment, what influences them.

Read how to write an essay question here. 

 

 

 

The Noble Eightfold Path

The Noble Eightfold Path

The Noble Eightfold Path consists of eight ways of thinking, speaking and behaving that the Buddha said people should follow if they want to reach Nirvana, the end of suffering.

Some would argue that it may be too difficult to follow. See below at each of the steps and challenges it may present.

2cfeb6f5e9b4069b48ee1005fc2ea22bRIGHT UNDERSTANDING

Right Understanding understands the teachings on karma and rebirth, the Three Universal Truths, the Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path. However, this is not just an intellectual understanding. Rather it is where you actually feel those things to be true in your heart and they influence the way you see and do things at a day-to-day level. This could prove difficult for some.

RIGHT INTENTION

Before we do anything we usually think about it; first we develop the INTENTION to do something then we do it. Sometimes our intention is a selfish one, where we decide to do things just for the sake of our own happiness. Sometimes we even do things with the negative intention of harming others.

Right Intention means doing things for the right reasons. Instead of thinking about doing things for him or herself, a Buddhist thinks about doing things for others. Instead of thinking about how they can harm others, Buddhists think about how they can help others. Basically, Right Intention is stopping doing things for bad reasons and instead doing them for good ones.

RIGHT SPEECH

Right Speech means (1) not lying, (2) not swearing, (3) not gossiping and (4) not saying things that cause other people to fall out. A Buddhist always tries to do the opposite of these things: he or she tries to tell the truth, to speak pleasantly and about meaningful subjects. Finally, he tries to speak in ways that cause harmony between people. This may be hard to follow through for many at all times.

RIGHT ACTION

Right Action means (1) not killing or injuring any living being, (2) not stealing, and (3) not committing sexual misconduct (simply put, this means not being unfaithful to your partner).

 

RIGHT LIVELIHOOD

A Buddhist must never make their living in a way that is harmful to others. This means that he or she can never work selling (1) weapons, (2) meat, (3) slaves,
(4) harmful drugs or (5) poisons. A Buddhist could be a chemist because the drugs he sold would not harm people. He could not own a pub though!

Some Buddhist’s may have difficulty working in the cigarette or alcohol industry or in the manufacturing of weapons. Also jobs that exploit animals or damage the environment should be avoided.

RIGHT EFFORT

Right Effort means making an effort to abandon negative ways of thinking such as proud, angry, or jealous thoughts and instead making an effort to develop positive ways of thinking such as humble, generous or compassionate thoughts.

RIGHT MINDFULNESS

To be mindful of something means to remember it. We all have mindfulness but it is usually mindfulness of something meaningless like the pop song we can’t stop singing or the girl or boy we can’t stop thinking about. Buddhists learn to be mindful of a calm and peaceful state of mind so that when something that causes a strong sense of ‘self’ suddenly appears to the mind, be it a thought, a feeling, a sensation, or an object, they remember or are ‘mindful’ of that calm and peaceful state of mind.

RIGHT CONCENTRATION

Right Concentration is the ability to keep the mind totally concentrated on a calm, peaceful state without becoming distracted. It is very similar to Right Mindfulness, indeed the two work together very closely. While Right Concentration remains focussed on the calm and peaceful state, Right Mindfulness notices when the mind starts to get distracted and pulls it back to the object of concentration. By keeping the mind concentrated through Right Concentration, and preventing distraction from arising by practising Right Mindfulness, a Buddhist gradually dissolves their mind into deeper and deeper states of meditation until eventually they reach Nirvana. Here, because they have gone beyond the sense of ‘self’, they achieve the End of Suffering, (the Third Noble Truth).

eightfold-path-folding-reference-card

What are the benefits and difficulties when following the Eightfold Path?

The benefits of following the Eightfold Path are:

  • Helps overcome suffering.
  • Gives guidelines on how to live free from craving
  • Helps to overcome attachment and gain good Karma
  • Helps to free ones self from samsara
  • It brings calm and peace to a person and helps gain wisdom
  • Creates a freer and more tolerant society

Some difficulties of trying to follow the Eightfold path are

  • It is hard to keep to the path. Responsibilities of work and family take up time
  • Pressure of work and the time work takes, can keep people from following the path.
  • Other attachments and cravings which we are exposed to in the modern world hinder our progress.
  • Sometimes the path might not seem realistic in the busy modern life.
  • Some Buddhists believe that you have to withdraw to a monastry to progress along the path quicker.
Original Sin

Original Sin

You will have to work hard and sweat to make the soil produce anything, until you go back to the soil from which you were formed. You were made from soil, and you will become soil again.

(Genesis 3: 19)

The Fall

The story behind original sin is told in the Old Testament book of Genesis:

God originally made a perfect world. He created Adam and put him to live in the Garden of Eden – a blissful place where he had nothing to do but take care of the garden.

God told Adam that he could do anything he wanted, except eat the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Later, God created Eve to be Adam’s wife. Eve was tricked by the serpent into eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of life and death. She gave some of the fruit to Adam and he ate it too.

Adam and Eve realised that they were naked and hid in shame. When God next visited the Garden he realised that they had disobeyed him.

God banished them from the Garden of Eden into the harsh world outside.

God also banned them from eating the fruit of the tree of life, and so death entered the world.

What is Original Sin?

Original Sin, refers to above passage in Genesis in the Bible, where Adam and Eve were banished from the Garden of Eden for disobeying God’s commands. This can also be known as The Fall. Many believe this is a literal story and this is how sin was brought into the world. Others believe it is a story or analogy used to explain why there is evil in the world, because humans have gone against God’s word.

Augustine, a theologian believed that because of this all humans are born sinful. We all have the capability and capacity to sin.

What does this mean for humans?

Augustine developed the idea of what has come to be known as ‘original sin’. Due to Adam and Eves actions in the Garden of Eden, the whole of humanity carries the same stain of sin and suffers and dies. Humanity needs God to save them from the suffering.

Christians believe that God gave them freewill and his word through teachings in the Bible, Jesus and preachers show Christians how God would like them to live their lives but it is up to each individual to make that choice.

An explanation for the evils of the world

Some Christians believe that original sin explains why there is so much wrong in a world created by a perfect God, and why people need to have their souls ‘saved’ by God.

A condition you’re in, not something you do

Original sin is a condition, not something that people do: It’s the normal spiritual and psychological condition of human beings, not their bad thoughts and actions. Even a newborn baby who hasn’t done anything at all is damaged by original sin.

Original sin affects individuals by separating them from God, and bringing dissatisfaction and guilt into their lives.

On a world scale, original sin explains such things as genocide, war, cruelty, exploitation and abuse, and the “presence and universality of sin in human history”.

The Fall and the Origin of Evil

Christians believe that when Adam and Eve sinned in Eden and turned away from God they brought sin into the world and turned the whole human race away from God.

The doctrine absolves God of responsibility for the evils that make our world imperfect by teaching that Adam and Eve introduced evil to a perfect world when they disobeyed him.

An alternative understanding of the story of the fall emphasises that Adam and Eve did wrong because they ‘gave in’ to the temptation of the serpent in the Garden of Eden.

These two versions offer radically different ideas about the origin of evil:

  • in the first version Adam and Eve bring evil into the world by disobeying God
  • in the second version evil already exists, and Adam and Eve bring sin to humanity by giving in to it

This second understanding fits well with human psychology. Looking at it this way, original sin becomes the tendency for human beings to ‘give in’ when tempted by the prevailing evils of the society around them, rather than standing up for good, and it helps explain why each individual finds temptation so hard to resist.

A third understanding teaches not so much that Adam’s sin brought sin into the world, but that it removed from humanity the gift that enabled people to be perfectly obedient to God.

Getting rid of original sin

The only way a person can ‘cleanse’ their soul from sin is to:

  • accept that Christ’s death on the cross atoned for this sin
  • accept that only God’s grace can cure this sin
  • confess their sins and ask for forgiveness
  • be baptised

Many churches accept that infants can be cleansed of original sin by being baptised soon after birth. The other elements required are carried out by adults on the baby’s behalf during the ceremony.

 

Read more about Original Sin here

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/beliefs/originalsin_1.shtml