Category: RME Topics

The Big Bang Theory Explained

The Big Bang Theory is a term for a theory that is centuries old although is on record as being term the ‘Big Bang Theory’ by Fred Hoyle in the 1920s. There are many different parts to the Big Bang Theories and some disagreements within the scientific community as to the cause and effect of the Big Bang but it is widely agreed that:

  1. The Universe had a definite beginning.
  2. The Universe continues to expand and cool down.
  3. The Universe isn’t reliant on something or some being for it’s existence.

There is no universal agreement on what caused the Big Bang to begin or what will happen to the universe eventually.

Universe 03 Concept Isometric

Below is a quick guide to the Big Bang (Excuse me if anything is inaccurate, feel free to send any corrections to me!)

Stephen Hawking’s Into the Universe

In class, we have watched Stephen Hawking’s Universe in class to help us understand the Theory. From the video we have learned.

We have discovered more about the universe in the last 100 years than in the past 200,000 years. Everything in the Universe has been made by stars.

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The Red Shift

We know that the Big Bang Happened and the Galaxies are moving away from us because of Red Shift. This is when Galaxies appear Red due to the fact that they are moving away from us. This is explained in this BBC Guide. http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/aqa/origins/redshiftrev1.shtml

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The Big Bang

The Big Bang started at a single point when the universe burst into existence. Before this it was complete darkness as light did not exist neither did space. When the universe began there was an ultra hot fog of energy.

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Within a trillionth of a second the universe stretched from the size of an atom to and orange and began cooling down. Within 100 seconds the universe was the size of our solar system. As the universe was cooling down, matter and anti matter were created. When matter and anti matter collide they destroy each other. This was happening constantly and only 1 in 1 billion matter particles survived. It is from these particles that everything was formed.

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“We are made of the smoke of the Big Bang”

The radiation from the Big Bang can still be seen and heard on earth. For example in television and radio waves.

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Gravity

Gravity is the cause of everything. The discovery of gravity is attributed to Sir Isaac Newton. Gravity is the pulling of everything together. Because some matter was denser and less effective when pulled by gravity it meant that there were imperfections in the universe. These imperfections were what created the universe.

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Hydrogen gas was the first element created. It is extremely powerful and it is what gives stars their power and energy. If hydrogen is compacted down it will heat up and cause nuclear fusion. This process is what caused helium to be created. This process is what took place in order to create more elements. This is a long process.

Black Holes

Gravity can also be dangerous and cause black holes. A black hole is created when a massive star begins to dies and becomes unstable. It shrinks and gets denser and denser until the core starts collapsing in on itself. Black Holes give off radiation and this is what galaxies rotate around.

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How were planets formed?

Our solar system is about 6 billion years old. A Star exploded and we can see evidence of this in the nebula in the solar system. Nebula is a thick fog full of different elements. Gravity pulls these elements together. The pressure of the hydrogen gas led to an explosion and a formation of a new star (our sun). This blast gave off a radioactive dust that pushed any excess dust. From these elements and dust planets began to form.

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Did this all happen by accident?

All questions about the Big Bang ultimately lead to questions on whether this was a ‘perfect accident’. Christian Scientists who believe that the Universe was created by God. They use the examples of

  •  The earth being the exact positions away from the Sun that it is not too hot or too cold.
  • All the elements required for life are present on the earth.
  • The imbalance or imperfection that was required for life to begin was a 1 in a billion chance.

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Stephen Hawking refuted this explaining that for the size of the universe and the 1 in a billion chance it is inevitable that at least of the billions of planets would have life on them.

Further Reading

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/questions_and_ideas/big_bang

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Is God A Man In the Sky? – Huffington Post Article

Is God A Man In the Sky? – Huffington Post Article

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The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo at the Sistine chapel, Vatican city, Rome, Italy

Professor Alan Lurie writes about his beliefs on What God is. He is from a Jewish faith and this could be useful when asked in an exam or assignment about beliefs about God.

As a rabbi, I am often asked to define the word “God.” And as a person whose life is centred on knowing God, I’ve attempted to give thoughtful responses. But I’ve discovered that my attempts, which are given with the intention of reducing misunderstandings, usually produce the opposite results, and create more misunderstandings. This is because whatever one’s position — from atheistic to fundamentalist and all points in between — we all, as products of a culture steeped in religion, necessarily carry ideas about God, and many of these ideas can be held so stubbornly that any meaningful conversation is immediately derailed.

For many people, the word “God” just seems to ring badly. It feels stuffy, old-fashioned and self-righteousness — a relic from a less enlightened age. For others, the answer has already been given by the doctrine of their religion, and so the issue is closed. For others, the very notion of God is absurd, and so the issue is also closed.

Read the rest of the article here… 

Understanding Humanism Resources

Understanding Humanism Resources

 

This is a great website created by the Humanist Society of Scotland to understand Humanist views on things.

https://www.humanism.scot/what-we-do/education/education-resources/

It includes

What is Humanism?

PDF

Bioethics

PDF

The Origin of Religion

PDF

Humanist Responses to Various Moral Issues –

Great for assignments or assessments where you need a non religious viewpoint!

https://www.humanism.scot/what-we-do/previous-campaigns/the-h-factor/

Responses to Origins of the Universe and Life

PDF

This is a good website to get viewpoints from to add into any pieces of work in RME. For teachers there are examples of lesson plans etc!

 

Introduction to Islam

Introduction to Islam

Islam is the fastest growing religion today. One in five people in the world are Muslim. That’s over a billion people!

This post is all about an Introduction to Islam. I recommend starting with this video!

Muslims are found throughout the world. Contrary to common belief, most Muslims are not Arab. In fact, only 20% are from Arab countries. The largest communities are in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India.

There are many misconceptions about Islam and stereotypes surrounding the religion. It is as important as ever to study Islam in the modern day especially with recent current affairs.

The 7 Core Beliefs

There are seven core beliefs that all Muslims believe in. These are:

  1. Belief in Allah as the one and only God
  2. Belief in angels
  3. Belief in the Revealed Book of God
  4. Belief in Allah’s prophets
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgement
  6. Belief in Allah having a record of our actions
  7. Belief in an afterlife

There will be a series of posts all about Islam as the class works through their National Coursework.

Recommended Further Reading

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/

Drugs (Including Drugs in Sport and Legalisation) Articles

Drugs (Including Drugs in Sport and Legalisation) Articles

This is another post in my series of reputable research pages. Here we are focusing on moral issues surrounding drugs. Whether it is the legalisation of drugs, drug use and drugs in sport.

Legalisation of Drugs

BBC Help guide to Drugs

Nick Clegg calls for Drugs Reform.

Netflix Documentary about the legalisation of Marajuana

Netflix Documentary about Lance Armstrong and Doping

How different states voted on Drugs Reforms.

Religious Responses

BBC Bitesize- Christian Response to Drug Use

BBC Bitesize Muslim response to Drug Use.

BBC Bitesize Hindu Response to Drug Use.

Drugs in Sport

BBC Bitesize- Doping Guide

Guardian Article on Doping in Sport

Guardian Articles on Doping in Sport

 

 

 

 

 

Death Penalty Articles

Death Penalty Articles

I am putting together a series of Blog Posts with relevant articles that will help you with assignment and AVU research. These will help ensure you have reliable sources and not relying on Wikipedia.  These will be updated as new articles are found.

BBC Ethics – Capital Punishment 

Great for all round Information on Capital Punishment and arguments for an against.

Amnesty International

They are against the Death Penalty as they believe it is a breach of Human Rights. Be careful for Bias.

Interview with someone who was on Death Row

This will provide a first hand account of the death penalty.

Life and Death Row- BBC Iplayer

A Series from the BBC about inmates, victims, families and how they are affected by the Death Penalty in the USA.

The Man who witnessed 219 Executions – BBC Iplayer

An interview with an executioner.

Humanism thoughts on Crime and Punishment

This is a fact sheet produced by Humanists explaining their ideas about Crime and Punishment.

Opinion in the USA about the Death Penalty

This article from TIME magazine explains different ideas about death penalty in the USA.

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Dia de Los Muertos

Dia de Los Muertos

Today is November 1st, an important festival in Central America.

This article from Time Magazine explains all you need to know about the day and what it involves. http://time.com/4551366/dia-de-los-muertos-day-dead-halloween/?xid=newsletter-brief

The S2 classes at Musselburgh Grammar have been learning about Festivals and the Day of the Dead, see the skulls they have made below.

Day of the Dead Skulls