Category: Existence of God

Creation Science – Institute of Creation Research

Creation Scientists take a literal approach to Genesis 1, believing it to be an actual account of the creation of the universe. They use science to back up this view. The Institute for Creation Research (ICR) was created to complete research into backing up this theory.

Founded by Dr. Henry Morris in 1970, ICR exists to conduct scientific research within the realms of origins and Earth history, and then to educate the public both formally and informally through graduate and professional training programs, through conferences and seminars around the country, and through books, magazines, and media presentations.

ICR Website 

We will look at some of the main beliefs held by the ICR in upcoming posts but just now we will look at the idea that the universe is just a few thousand years old.

There are many different pieces of evidence for this theory put forward including the dating of comets, the lack of salt in the sea floor and the soft tissue in fossils. See the below image. A lot of the explanations are quite complex and so providing you are able to summarise the young earth theory and perhaps remember a few of the supporting evidence. Image result for young earth evidence

You can read more in-depth about this here

 

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Origin of the Universe – The Scientific Approach

Origin of the Universe – The Scientific Approach

For Scientific Materialists, it is unreasonable to believe that a God or Supernatural being created the Universe. Instead, they deduce through scientific reasoning and the scientific method that the origin of the Universe can be explained solely through science with no religious input.

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One believer of this approach is Richard Dawkins, an evolutionary biologist who is firmly against the idea of God and has published several pieces discrediting religious responses to the origin of the universe. In contrary to this is Edward Osbourne (E. O.) Wilson, a scientist who was brought up as a Christian but became an atheist. He does, however, believe science and religion can work together to provide a better understanding of how the world works.

Stephen Hawking has dedicated his life’s work to the exploration of Black Holes and in turn the Big Bang Theory. He believes that all the evidence that is currently available points to the Big Bang is the beginning of the universe. Until other evidence disproves this theory he believes that this is the only plausible explanation for the origin of the universe. When looking at what is a reasonable

When looking at what is a reasonable explanation, scientists look to theories that can be proven or disproven with the Scientific method. This is why revelation is unacceptable to many as it cannot be tested, verified or falsified.

Scientific theories, regardless of what they are about, are theoretical. This means they are theoretically right until a new piece of evidence can prove or disprove the hypothesis. You can read more about the scientific reasoning behind the Big Bang Theory in a previous post The Big Bang Theory Explained

When discrediting religion, many would use the argument that a book written thousands of years ago cannot have all the answers. If God did create the universe and the Bible is God’s word, why does it not explain more about the origins of the universe?  However, the counter-argument of this is that the Bible should not be taken literally.

When you are asked about whether it is reasonable to believe a God created the universe you have to always remember what is reasonable to one person may not be reasonable to another. It is all down to personal interpretation.

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National 5 Revision Guides and Questions

National 5 Revision Guides and Questions

Hello National 5s

Below are the revision guides for your three units to complete in the exam.

I will add more and more revision guides to this website for the topics that you need to know about for the exam.

Remember to use this website to help or come along to B12 after school for help.

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Use these Revision Questions to help test your knowledge of the above content. There are revision guides on this page for most of the topics if you need extra help.

National 5- Revision Questions

 

Understanding Humanism Resources

Understanding Humanism Resources

 

This is a great website created by the Humanist Society of Scotland to understand Humanist views on things.

https://www.humanism.scot/what-we-do/education/education-resources/

It includes

What is Humanism?

PDF

Bioethics

PDF

The Origin of Religion

PDF

Humanist Responses to Various Moral Issues –

Great for assignments or assessments where you need a non religious viewpoint!

https://www.humanism.scot/what-we-do/previous-campaigns/the-h-factor/

Responses to Origins of the Universe and Life

PDF

This is a good website to get viewpoints from to add into any pieces of work in RME. For teachers there are examples of lesson plans etc!

 

National 5: Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks) Model Answer

National 5: Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks) Model Answer

Below is a model answer for a National 5 8 Marker Evaluation Question.

Read more about how to answer these here. 

Is it reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe? (8 marks)

Some people would argue that it is reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the universe. A theist would say that god created the universe and would use the Cosmological arguments to support this. The cosmological argument is based on the idea that everything that exists must have a cause, the universe exists and theist would say that its cause is God. This links with the Big Bang Theory, which Scientists would agree was the beginning of the Universe. For many because the Big Bang was the start of time, space and matter it doesn’t need a cause. However theists would say that this cause is God. 

An atheist would disagree saying that God does not exist. They would agree that the Big Bang Theory was the start of the universe and everything within it. However they would argue that the Cosmological Argument does not prove that God Exists just that there is no explanation yet as to how the Big Bang began and for many this is irrelevant as the Big Bang was the beginning of everything. 

Therefore it can be reasonable to believe that God is the uncaused cause of the Universe but it would require Faith and belief in god in addition to the scientific evidence and reason. 

 

 

Christianity – Nature of God

Christianity – Nature of God

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Christians would agree with the descriptions of God detailed above.

Christians are monotheists. This means that they believe there is only one God. It is very difficult to describe God, because everyday language is always about ordinary things but God is not ordinary.

God is ‘holy’, meaning special, separate and different.

It is important to remember that the God of the Jews found in the Jewish Scriptures (eg, the Torah) and the God of the Christian Old Testament is one God.

The Trinity

Many Christians believe in the Holy Trinity. This doctrine is unique to Christianity. They believe that God can take many forms.

The Trinity is a way of describing the three ways of being God – God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. It describes the relationship between these three ‘persons’ which are all part of the one God.

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Statements about the Trinity are found in the Nicene Creed (the Christian statement of faith):

We believe in one God, the Father, the almighty, maker of heaven and earth…

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, true God from true God, begotten not made, of one Being with the Father…

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets.

Mary and Jesus

When God is described as ‘God the Son’, this refers to the Christian belief that God chose to come to earth as a human being.

He was born of Mary and was called Jesus. This belief is called the Incarnation.

Jesus

Jesus came to teach people God’s will for them, and to show them what life would be like in the Kingdom of God. For Christians, the Kingdom of God (Kingdom of Heaven in Matthew’s Gospel) is both an inner change of heart and a symbol of peace on earth.

Jesus of Nazareth, the Messiah (Christ) for Christians, is important. He not only taught people about God, he showed them what God is like. Jesus was put to death on the cross. This was the crucifixion.

The cross is an important symbol for Christians. Christianity says that because Jesus (who was God) chose to die because he loved humanity and wanted to save them, all people were forgiven their sins and so had a chance to go to heaven.

Christianity teaches that death was not the end for Jesus. They believe that he rose from the dead on the third day, after being placed in the tomb. This is the resurrection. Christians believe that Jesus was not just a man in the past, but is a living saviour, relevant to their lives today.

How does this impact on Christians lives?

Christians feel that by believing in God they feel closer to him and he can provide a source of comfort in difficult times. Christians are united in their beliefs about God and the aim to create a “Kingdom of God” so Christians would be more loving towards each other. For example they may donate to charity, help those in need etc.

Christians know that God knows everything as he is Omniscient, this means they would try to please him by doing good actions. If they do sin they would need to ask God for forgiveness. By believing in God and an afterlife in heaven this will bring comfort to many.

 

 

What is God Like? Attributes of God

What is God Like? Attributes of God

What is God like?

Is he a old man with a white beard living on a cloud? Is god a woman? Does God have a physical form? There are many interpretations of what God is like.

Christians believe that God is every where, knows everything and you are able to have a personal relationship with him.Hindus believe that God takes many different forms, each of these forms represents a different attribute of God.

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Most religions have their own interpretations of what God is, but they do have some ideas in common. Here are some words that are used to describe God.

For your National 5 exam it would be good to know at least four of these definitions. 

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